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Full text of "History, the Chenoweth family : address of Captain William H. Cobb, 8th reunion of the family held near Elkins on the first Saturday in September, 1922. Arthur L. Keith's article on the Chenoweths"

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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01733 8580 




HISTORY, 



The 

CHENOWETH FAMILY 



Address of 
Captain IDilliam ti. Cobb 

8th Reunion 

of the Family held near Elkins on the 

First Saturday in September 

1922 



hk 



Dr. Arthur L. Keith's Article on the 

Chenoipeths 




GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



Chesapeake 

Book Co. 

Berryville, Va. 



The Chenoipeth Fdmily 



It has not been my good fortune to attend the former 
meetings of the reunion of the Chenoweth family in this 
old and famous valley of Chenoweth Creek, which has 
played its part in fhe uplift of the country from pioneer 
days, and which has .always played an important part in the 
history of Randolph County. 

There is an inspiration in these reunions of old families ; 
they teach us a lesson of reuniting the ties of kinship; of 
neighborly love and friendship, and especially the lesson of 
ancestral homage. 

We are taught by the Chinese and also by the Japanese 
that ancestral hom.age is next to divine worsTiip; in fact, 
some not infomied think that ancestrial worship is the 
religion of fhe East, and while that is not the case, these 
Eastern people revere the memory of the ancestor and .are 
correct in so doing, and in the same way we annually pay 
homage to the Fathers of the country, and so we are today 
paying our respect to a hero of the Revolution, whose dust 
rests in this splendid valley and under the shaft that marks 
fhe last resting place of John Chenoweth, a soldier of the 
American Revolution. 

My investigation of the history of the Chenoweth fam- 
ily in America leads me back to the original John Ch.mo- 
vv^eth who came to America two hundred and two years ago, 
and in Baltimore he established his worksTiop and his family. 
This man imbued with the spirit of establishing himself 
and family in the new and Western world came from 
Wales, where so many of the substantial men o± America 
first saw light, and from where so many worthy Americans 
trace their forefathers ; some of the Presidents of the 



United States and Statesmen of the country trace their 
ancestry back to Wales. 

John Chenoweth, the immigrant and the father of the 
Chenoweths of this country, left two sons in the persons of 
Richard and Arthur, and they in turn left very large fami- 
lies; this Arthur Chenoweth had seven sons, to- wit: 

James, John, Abraham, William, Thomas, Arthur and 
Richard, .and it is not known the number of childi'en Richard 
left, but we do know that Arthur started the pace of the 
family for a large number of children, and if tne girls in 
the family equaled in number of boys, the family was to the 
liking of the lamented Roosevelt. 

At the time of the coming of the original John to Bal- 
timore, the settlement of the country was confined largely 
to the coast country, but as the population increased and 
new comers appeared from the old country, migration 
started Westward, and long before the War of the Revolu- 
tion we find the Chenoweths as far West as Frederick and 
Berkeley^ Counties, Va., and just a little later in Hamp- 
shire and on the South Branch of the Potomac and on the 
Eastern slopes of the Alleghany, and even as early as 1770, 
we find Thomas, son of Arthur, at the Falls of the Ohio, now 
Louisville, Kentucky. 

It was along the Ohio in Kentucky that a whole family 
of Chenoweths were wiped out by an attack of the Indians ; 
in the wars with the Indians of the West, this family playfed 
its part in the fierce battles with the red man, and the 
records show that they were men of stern worth and char- 
acter, and did their part in blazing the way for civilization 
in the "winning of the West." 

The first record I found of patriot John Chenoweth in 
this county is in Deed Book No. 1 at page 445, where on the 
first day of March 1795, he purchased of David Beard of 
Kings and Queens County, Virginia, 267 acres on the East 
side of Leading Creek in Randolph county, between the 
lands of Alexander Roney and George Harness ; this would 
have placed him near the town of Oilman, four miles North 
of Elkins ; we next find him buying on Kings Run, which is 
near Beverly; and in the year of 1800, he bought 150 acres 

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1529503 

from William Wilson on Eberman's Run (now Chenoweth 
Creek) and probably where we now stand, and this Deed is 
recorded in Book No. 5, at page 131. 

By reason of the frequency of these purchases we may 
understand that he was a man of means, or rather large 
means as men were rated in those days, and it was upon this 
last purchase that he made his last stand and where he 
re,*:ired a family of splendid children; whose names appear 
in his will ; Book No. 2 at page 265, and reads as follows : 

In the name of God, Amen: 

I, John Chenoweth, of the County of Randolph and 
State of Virginia, calling to mind the mortality of the hu- 
man system, and being in health and of sound mind, do 
hereby make this my last Will and Testament ; that my ex- 
ecutors hereinafter named, do sell all my personal estate 
and pay my funeral expenses and all my just debts. 

Item first — I will to my beloved wife, Mary Chenoweth, 
negro Poll to wait on her till said slave arrive at t'he age of 
45 years, if they both live so long, and if my wife should 
die before that time, then she. Poll, to belong to my heirs 
hereafter named till she is forty-five, then it is my will 
that she be free if she wishes" so to be. 

I will to my wife my mare or horse as the case may be 
and her saddle and bridle, her bed and furniture and one 
full third of all my personal estate and lastly equal share 
with m.y heirs hereafter named to dispose of as she may 
think proper and lastly I do wiU to my beloved children 
equal shares of .all my personal property not otherwise dis- 
posed of in this my last will, to-wit : 

Robert Chenoweth, William P. Chenoweth, Mary Staln- 
nker, lately Mary Chenoweth, John I Chenoweth, Gabriel 
Chenoweth, Jehu Chenoweth and Nelly Hart, lately Nelly 
Chenoweth, and I do appoint my beloved sons Jehu Cheno- 
Vv^eth and John I. Chenov/eth, executors of this, my last will 
and testament hereby revoking all the wills and testaments 
heretofore made in writing; whereof I have herewith set 
my hand this the 11th day of May, 1829, in the presence 
of and for the last will and testament made by the said 

3 



John Chenoweth. 

JOHN CHENOWETH. (Seal) 
Witnesses : — 

W. MYERS, 
S. WYATT, 
PETER BUCKEY. 

Upon the tombstone of this patriot, there is carved 
John Chenoweth, born Nov. 16th, 1755; Died Jan. 16th 1831. 

Mary Pugh Chenoweth, born Jan. 29th 1762 ; died Feb. 
1st, 1849. 

This couple were married Jan. 7, 1779, 

I have not gone into a close research for all the data 
pertaining to John Chenoweth and his wife Mary Pugh, but 
they were married in Hampshire County, then Virginia, and 
from that county crossed over the mountain into the Ty- 
garts Valley and it is probable that he did not remove to 
Randolph until the organization of the county a few years 
before he bought land on Leading Creek. 

His coming to Randolph added very materially to the 
citizenship of the Valley and he brought with him a whole- 
some reputation, for it was not long after his coming until 
he was an official of the county and continued to be in 
official life for many years, for we see him serving as Com- 
missioner of Revenue on three different occassions, and as 
Sheriff four times, but in those days the terms of these 
offices M^ere for two years, while now four. 

The example of his life was followed by his sons, and 
by grandsons and on down to the present time; as the son 
Robert served as Sheriff three terms, and if we should fol- 
low on down the line of grand and great grandsons, we find 
Abel Hart and Z. T. Chenoweth Sheriffs of the County; 
Stark A. and Frank A. Rowan serving as Clerks of the 
County Court; Talbott Chenoweth now a member of the 
County Court and Mr. G. Nelson Wilson serving for a long 
term of years as Clerk of the Circuit Court, whose wife is a 
great-granddaughter of the Revolutionary John ; and there 
is John R. Purkey, a former surveyor of the County, a son 
of this line; also the Goddins in the person of Jesse and 
Judson, who have held important offices in the county; 

4 



William Chenoweth was also Sheriff, with Lemuel Cheno- 
weth in the State Legislature, and in summing up the sev- 
eral years we find fhat the Chenoweths have covered twen- 
ty eight years as Sheriffs of the county, making about one- 
fifth of the history of the county, or better and if signs do 
not change, another great grandson in person of Capt. Zan 
F. Collett, will be sheriff two years from this date. 

But it is here proper to state that this family has not 
been eager for office, but in most instances, these have 
been forced upon them by the almost unamimous voice of 
the people, and in other lines this family have served their 
State and County. 

In Lemuel Chenoweth, not only fhe county, but the State 
was better by his having lived the wholesome hfe he led; 
void of bravado and "loud talk" he went the even way of 
his life as an architect and builder and it was to his genius 
that the best constructed bridges that have ever been built 
in Virginia were erected, and though built years before the 
civil war, some of them stand today" as .a monument to his 
ability as an architect and builder, and it is within the last 
few years that iron structures have taken the place of the 
bridges that spanned the Cheat, Buckhannon and Tygarts 
Valley rivers seventy-five years ago, and the one at Philippi 
yet stands to mark his ingenuity. 

When the State of Virginia, three-quarters of a cen- 
tury ago advertised for bridges to be constructed West of 
of the Alleghany, this Lemuel Chenoweth 'Vhiddled" and 
cut with the skill of a college trained architect his idea of 
a modern v^'ooden bridge, and with these models in his saddle 
bags made his way on horseback to Richmond, and patiently 
awaiting the "experts" to outline their plans, and being the 
last to be heard, he was called upon to know if he wanted 
to be 'heard ; he quietl>^ approached a table, to the amuse- 
ment of the "experts" replaced fhe parts of the minature 
bridge on the table, and then deliberately stood and walked 
upon it, and the authorities at first seeing that the plans 
and construction were without fault, immediately, and to the 
consternation of other bidders, gave him the contract to 
build bridges over all the large streams in this section of 



the State. 

The combination of Lemuel Chenoweth and Nancy Hart 
produced another genius in the person of Major Joseph 
Chenoweth, who as a young fellow graduated at the head of 
his class at Virginia Military Institute, who immediately 
took a chair in a college in Maryland, and upon the approach 
of the war between the States, he took the field, and having 
the genius of his father in engineering, and in addition a 
military training he was placed in command of a batalHon 
in Stonewall Jackson's command, where his bravery was 
demonstrated and his ability and gallantry marked him 
from the beginning a leader of men, but fate was against 
him and he fell early in the war in the battle of Port Re- 
public. 

But in war as well as in peace the Chenowefhs have 
all plajsed their part, and many of the family took part in 
behalf of the Confederacy, and we wonder if the same fam- 
ily did not take sides with the Federals, among those who 
went to Illinois and Wisconsin long before the civil war, as 
quite a branch of the family lived in that section during 
this period, and it is reasonable to assume that the spirit 
of the "original" still inspired them to duty to their country 
as they saw it. 

To the men of the family we would not grant all the 
honors for duty in the history of the country, for did not 
"Molly Pitcher" in the days of the Revolution serve water 
to the thirsty soMiers at the battle of Mammouth and when 
seeing her husband fall .and torn by shell serving his cannon 
she took his place and served till the battle was won, and 
thereby won a sergeancy in Washington's artillery. 

It was Nancy Hart, during the Revolution, who was at 
her home on the Georgia side of the Savannah river, when 
six Tories entered demanding the surrender of the place, 
and also breakfast; she, this crossed eyed but "worthy" 
rebel as she was termed, prepared the breakfast and con- 
suming all the time expedient for the purpose in view, she 
dispatched her little daughter three miles away to inform 
the husband and others that the enemy was at her home; 
at last the meal was ready, and having consumed freely 

8 



of the "moonshine" Captain Hart "had on hand, the Tories 
set down to breakfast, and when in the midst of the meal, 
crossed eyed Nancy leveled a blunderbuss gun upon the 
enemy, advising them that the first devil that moved she 
would take his head off, her cross eyes and the anger that 
was demonstrated upon her face made each think he was 
the special mark of vengence ; she held them at bay till her 
husband arrived with patriots, and then the Tories, 30 
minutes later were "hanging between earth and heaven. In 
honor of this Nancy Hart, the State of Georgia named a 
County for her, and appreciating the heroic deed of the 
woman, also called the seat of the County Hartwell. 

There was a Nancy Hart in the Chenoweth family, who 
became the wife of Lemuel and the mother of Major Joe 
Chenoweth, and she too played her part for the Confeder- 
acy. 

Her brother-in-law Eli Chenoweth was at home on this 
Creek on leave of absence and much in need of footwear, 
in fact practically barefooted, and Adam C. Rowan of Bev- 
erly',, a confirmed Jeff Davis man, was an expert shoe 
maker and knowing the needs of Private John S. he pre- 
pared the necessary boots for his friend, and the next ques- 
tion was how to deliver the boots. Nancy Hart Chenov/eth 
v/as equal to the occassion ; the Town of Beverly was in the 
haiids of the Union Soldiers, who had charge of all the 
horses; Nancy knew a Federal tiooper who had a good horse 
that she might borrow that she might visit the "sick" on 
Chenoweth Creek ; the horse she got and also a pass through 
the Federal lines; these were the days of the hoop-skirt, 
but the dress that went over the hoop was longer then the 
dress of today ; she mounted but found that the horse was 
balky and stubborn ; the horse reared, he pitched, and then 
almost flew over the ground, and of course the hoop-skirt 
took the wind, but the boots tucked up close to the waist 
and under the skirt, remained under cover and she made 
the trip in safety but in anxiety, but she delivered the 
goods and returned knowing that she was now a "Southern 
rebel" of fame and glorified in so being. 

The thought struck me in preparing my remarks, what 
7 



would have been the fate of the country had John Cheno- 
weth not stopped in this Valley but gone further on to the 
West? 

It might appear that with the relationship that marks 
this family, with its Wilsons, Bakers, Stalnakers, Capling- 
ers, Marstillers, Rowans, Daniels, Blackmans Tri^pplet^, 
Harts, Littles, Weymouths, Philipps, Dinkles, Oollotts, 
Loughs, Kendalls, Wees, Hicks, Whetsells, Goddins, Flints, 
Buckeys and many ofhers, that there might have been 
many old maids and bachelors left in this section of the 
Valley, for the kinship covers a large number of famihes, 
had John and Mary Pugh Chenoweth not located in Ty^arts 
Valley. 

Here I should be glad to pause long enough to suggest 
that fhe family records in the old Chenoweth Bible bougnt 
in Beverly more than a century ago should be copied and 
published in one of the Elkins papers that the family may 
preserve this valuable record of the family ; this record will 
not remain legible for many years, but if printed and filed 
away, it will be here hundreds of years for the future mem- 
bers of the family to enjoy. 

The monument that marks the last resting place of 
John Chenowetli is a glory to the Valley, an hoiior to the 
community, an inspiration to the children to vist and a mark 
of distinction to the family that bears the name. The 
spirit that reared it will rear us for our country's duty 
and ready to die for the stars and stripes. 

A reunion around this granite shaft will ever remind 
us of eternity — teach us to be true to God and to everlast- 
ing truth. The true soldier of the Revolution needs no 
monumental shaft but we owe it to ourselves to build them 
and lead there the youth that he too may enable the spirit 
of 1776 .and six long years thereafter and teach him the 
sacrifice that Washington and his comrades made that we 
might be free, and there is no way so appropriate as the 
reunion to teach the lesson of patriotism, ancestry and 
brotherhood of man. 

In connection with and as a part of my address on this 
occasion, I attached, for publication, an article from Tyler's 

8 



Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, a Virginia 
historical publication devoted to genealogy, whicTi should 
be read with interest by the Chenoweth family and friends, 
prepared by Arthur L. Keith of Minnesota, entitled "'The 
Chenoweth Family." 

This article deals elaborately with the family, its his- 
tory and their doings; and no doubt will materially aid 
those of you who have not heretofore traced in detail your 
line will enable you to do so. For the purpose of belonging 
to the Sons or Daughters of the American Revolution, you 
have of course to trace back to Revolutionary John, but to 
get into the Dames of America it is necessary; to run back 
prior to 1776, but here you have the father of "Our John" 
and also his grand father, the original Welshman. 

I should fail in my duty on this occasion if I should 
not express my appreciation of the lineage that you are 
honored with in this long line of ancestry ; it is one of which 
you should justly feel proud and most of you do, and its 
due future generations that shall follow you to preserve 
these records. 

In this family record you have a heritage that only few 
can claim heir to ; it is sacred and it is honorable, and by 
reason of these things a special duty rests upon you to live 
the life of the honorable, the patriotic and shining light; 
your forefather gave it to you in his line of duty to God 
and country .and thereby taught a lesson that not only the 
family should be ruled by but all our countrymen. 

The immortal fame of the fathers of our country and 
those who link their names with Washington in establishing 
the institutions of our common country, have established 
principles as lasting as the hills and mountains and they 
shall last as long as the "water flows and the grass grows," 
an inspiration so pregnant with significance that it re- 
sounds and encircles the globe and is so singularly important 
to the present and future generations of our country. 

Our Republic is safe and everlasting stable as long as 
our minds and hearts respond with quickening spirit of the 
deeds of the soldier of the American Revolution, but when 
our spirit fails to arouse our emotions of patriotism, then 

9 



chaos and destruction will follow; we know that "anarchy- 
flees before patriotism" and we must keep the spark of 
liberty before our children and teach them to take care of 
themselves; and do justice and equity to others and as to 
their country, take the admonition of that famous American 
Admiral gave us a century ago. 

"May my country always be right, but right or wrong, 
my country" and thus we will serve the great God of the 
universe and justice will be done unto us and our children 
and our children's children. 




THE CHENOWETH FAMILY 

(By Arthur L. Keith, Northfield, Minnesota.) 

The founder of this family appears to have been John 
Chinoweth who died in Frederick County, Virginia, in 1746. 
He probably lived for a time in Baltimore County, Maryland, 
and in that county part of his children continued to live 
after John Chinoweth had moved on to Virginia. A de- 
scendant of John Chinoweth, Jr., eldest son of John Cheno- 
weth, Sr., gives me the information that John Jr., was 
born in 1706. 

This agrees well with the following items taken from 
the records of St. George's Parish, Baltimore County. John 
Chennerworth (sic) and Mary Smith were married Nov. 26, 
1730, William Chennerworth, son of the above, was born 
Jan. 8, 1731, John Watson and Mary Chennerworth, spinster, 
were married May 24, 1733. A comparison with the will 
of John Chinoweth, 1746, Frederick Co., Va., given below, 
shows that these persons belong to his family. These are 
the earliest records I have found relating to the family of 
the blacksmith John Chinoweth. Probably he came to this 

10 



country shortly before 1730 and before 1746 with a part of 
his family moved to Frederick Co., Va. Arthur Chenworth 
and Richard Chenworth were land-owners in Baltimore 
County in 1750. 

In Frederick Co., Va., on April 11, 1746, John Chino- 
weth, blacksmith, made his will, probated May 6, 1746. 
Witnesses were Joseph Stanley, Mary Stanley and William 
Jolliffe. He mentions wife (not by- name,) children John 
(eldest,) Richard, Arthur, William, Thomas, Mary Watson, 
Hannah Carter, and Ruth Petitt ; grandson John Watson, 
Jr.; son-in-law John Petit. Son Thomas Chinoweth and 
James Carter were appointed executors. 

Another John Chenowith (sic) made will in Frederick 
Co., Va., on Nov. 3, 1770, probated March 5, 1771. Wit- 
nesses were John Salsberry, William Salsberry, and M. 
Morgan. He mentions wife Mary, who is appointed execu- 
trix; eldest sons William and John, who receive land in 
Hampshire County on the Cacapon ; sons Absalom, Thomas, 
and Richard, who receive land on which the testator lives; 
son Abraham (probably an error for Absalom as he is not 
heard of again); son Arthur; daughters Elizabeth, Mary, 
and Rachel; son-in-law James Stuart; granddaughter Mary 
Chenoweth, daughter of eldest son, William, whose legacy 
is conditioned on her remaining with her grandmother un- 
til she becomes of age. Son Richard is to receive testator's 
smith's tools. This John of 1771 is undoubtedly the son of 
the John of 1746. 

William Chenowith whose will was probated in Freder- 
ick County, Va., in 1772 was the son of the John who died 
in 1771 and identical with the William born in Baltimore 
County, Jan. 8, 1732. He mentions wife Jane ; sons John, 
Jonathan, and William; and daughter Mary^. He refers to 
Mary's deceased mother, so Jane was not his first wife. 
From other sources it is known that this William Chenovv^eth 
married 1. Ruth Calvert and had John Chenoweth, born 
1755; Jonathan Chenoweth, born 1757; Mary Chenov/eth, 
born 1759 (mentioned in the will of John, 1771, see above;) 
and William Chenoweth, born June 18, 1760. This last 
named William will be given below. 

11 



The will of Absalum Chenowith was probated in Berk- 
eley County, Va., April 12, 1773. (Berkeley was formed 
from Frederick in 1772.) This Absalum was born 1745 and 
was the son of John who died in 1771. The will was wit- 
nessed by James Seaton, William Chenoweth, and John Han- 
na. Wife Ruth and Morgan Morgan are named as execu- 
tors. Testator mentions brother William's son William who 
had been bound to him to learn the blacksmith's trade. 
His children were James (born Dec. 21, 1767, died May 12, 
1815 ;) Absalum Chenoweth (who in 1821 was hving in Jef- 
ferson County, Kentucky, with wife Lydia, and children 
Stephen, John, Ephraim, Ross, Mary, and Angelina;) and 
Ann Chenoweth (who married James Boggs.) 

In Berkeley Co., Va., on March 15, 1773, Mary Cheno- 
with, widow of John Chenowith, Absalum Chenowith and 
Ruth, his wife, Arthur Chenowith and M.argaret his wife, 
all of Berkeley Co., Va., and Thomas Chenowith and Rachel 
his wife, of Baltimore Co., Md., sell to George Scott land on 
the drains of Mill Creek and branch of Opeckon, granted 
by patent to the aforesaid John Chenowith, on Oct. 6, 1764. 
The Absalum, Arthur, and Thomas of the above deed are 
undoubtedly sons of the John who died in 1771. 

Joseph Chenoweth of Berkeley Co., Va., made will Sept. 
23, 1785, probated Oct. 18, 1785. Witnesses were William 
Chenoweth, Gabriel Hays, and John Hays. Wife Sarah is 
mentioned and daughter Newly (?). Brother Absolum 
Chenoweth is appointed executor. This Joseph was the son 
of the following William Chenowith. 

William Chenowith of Berkeley County, Va., made wiJl 
Oct. 10, 1785, probated Dec. 20, 1785. He mentions wife 
Anne ; sons of Absolum and William, and heirs of son Joseph, 
deceased; daughters Mary, Ann, and Hannah. Son William' 
and Wife Anne are appointed executors. This William could 
be no other than the son of the blacksmith John Chinoweth 
of 1746. He is to be identified with William Chinoweth of 
Frederick Co., Va., who on Feb. 12, 1743-4 bought land on 
Mill Creek a branch of the Opeckon, from John Mills, Sr., 
of Prince George Co., Md. William Chenoweth of Freder- 
ick Co., Va., in 1752 received grant for 171 acres. In Berk- 

12 



eley County on Oct. 6, 1788, Absolum Chenowith and Anne 
Chenowith sold to Adam Smith land conveyed by John Mills 
to William Chenowith. 

We turn now to Hampshire County, Va. In 1753 John 
Chenoth (sic) received grant for 248 acres on the Great 
Cacapehon. On Nov. 26, 1771, William Chenoweth of Fred- 
erick Co., Va., and wife Jane sold to John Chenoweth of 
Hampshire County 124 acres on Great Cape Capon, which 
had been bequeathed him by his father John Chenoweth 
and granted to said John Chenoweth, dec'd by Rt. Hon. 
Thomas Lord Fairfax, March 3, 1753. 

The following heads of households were living in Hamp- 
shire County in 1784; John Chenoweth, Sr., (brobably son 
of John who died in Frederick County in 1771,) John Chen- 
oworth, Jr., (probably son of the preceding), Jonathan 
Chenoworth (probably son of William who died in Frederick 
County in 1772,) and Arthur Chenoworth (probably son of 
the John who died in 1771.) In Hampshire County in 
April 1791, John Chenoweth and Mary, his wife, sold land 
to John Copsey. On April 19, 1811, John Chenoweth of 
Hampshire County made will, probated Sept. 14, 1812. 
Witnesses were Abraham Cresswell, George Cole, William 
Nixon, Joseph Nixon, and Thomas Megrow. He mentions 
wife Eleanor; sons William, Absolum, John, James, and 
Ellas Chenoweth ; daughters Elizabeth Monroe, Eleanor Ash- 
brooke, Rachel Ashbrooke and Mary Ashbrooke. He refers 
to land on south side of Cacapon Mountain. Executors are 
son William and John Monroe. This John Chenoweth is 
probably the son of the John who died in Frederick County 
in 1771. 

The following did military service in the Revolution 
from Va. : Jonathan Chenoweth, John Chineworth, Thomas 
Chinworth, Richard Chinoweth (captain), and William Chin- 
oweth, the last two names being found in the Illinois papers 
indicating that they probably served in Kentucky. On June 
28, 1827, Mary Chenoweth, aged 75, widow of John, applied 
for a pension from Randolph Co., Va. Her maiden name is 
given as Pugh. 

We now take up the records of Baltimore County, Md. 
13 



Notwithstanding published statements to the contrary, 
regard Arthur Chenworth and Richard Chenworth, land- 
holders in this county in 1750, as certainly the sons of John 
Chinoweth, blacksmith, who died in Frederick Co., Va., in 
1746. We shall note their wills below. Thomas Chinworth 
and Rachel Moore were married Sept. 14, 1766 in St. George's 
Parish, Baltimore Co., Md. He was undoubtedly the son of 
the second John of Frederick Co., Va., as shown by the deed 
of March 15, 1773, given above. Thomas and Rachel Chen- 
oweth had the following children: Elizabeth, born April 
8, 1768; Ruxton, born Dec. 12, 1769; and Mary, born Sept. 
8, 1772. 

In 1766 Nicholas Ruxton Gay of Baltimore Co., Md., 
made deed of gift to Thomas Chenoweth, Jr., and wife Rach- 
el, "she being my neice." From what Sr. this Jr. after 
Thomas's name is to distinguish him, I do not know unless 
it may be the son of Richard or Arthur, both of whom had 
sons named Thomas living at this time in Baltimore County. 
The Thomas who married Rachel Moore seems to have died 
before Nov. 27, 1783, for on that date his inventory is pre- 
sented to the Baltimore court by James Moore, his admr. 
and next of kin. Arthur Thomas Chinworth and Rachel 
Morris were married Jan. 1, 1788, apparently, both of Har- 
ford Co., Md. 

The following took oath of fidelity in Baltimore Coun- 
ty in 1788: Arthur Chinworth, Sr., Arthur Chenoweth, son 
of Richard, Thomas Chinworth, Thomas Chenoweth (twice) 
Samuel Chinworth, Richard Chenoweth, and William Chen- 
oweth. In 1778 in Montgomery Co., Md., we find Riciiard 
Chinoth, Thomas Chinoth, and Thomas Chinorsath (sic.) 

Richard Chenoweth, blacksmith, of Baltimore Co., Md., 
made will Oct. 1, 1781, probated Dec. 4, 1781 (1785?) He 
mentions wife Kezia ; sons Richard, Arthur, Thomas, Joseph, 
William, grandson Richard, son of John, dec'd. : and daugh- 
ters Susanna Price, Hannah Ashton, and Kezia Chenoweth, 
Jr. Executors are wife Kezia and son Joseph. This Rich- 
ard Chenoweth, I regard as certainly the son of Johti of 
Frederick Co., Va., 1746. 

Arthur Chenoweth of Baltimore County made will Dec. 
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4, 1800, probated April 7, 1802. He mentions sons Richard, 
Samuel, Thomas; daughter Ruth Butler; granddaughter 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Chenoweth. Son Richard is 
appointed executor. I regard this Arthur Chenoweth as 
identical with the Arthur Chenoweth, Sr. of Baltimore Co., 
who in 1761 made a deed of gift to his son Arthur Cheno- 
weth, Jr., Likewise in 1768 he made gift of land to his son 
John Chenoweth. Sons Arthur and John are not mentioned 
in the will of Arthur, given above, probably because they had 
received their portions by gifts. The date of birth of this 
Arthur Chenoweth is given as 1716 in a chart of the fam- 
ilv prepared in 1893 by Nimrod H. Chenoweth of Dayton, 
Ohio. It agrees well with the known facts of his life, his 
depth in 1802 and the birth of his son John which is given 
as 1739. However, the chart above referred to and some 
published accounts make this Arthur, born in 1716, the son 
of another Arthur of whom so far as I can ascertain not one 
contemporary record survives. 

Draper in his manuscripts now located at the state his- 
torical library at Madison, Wisconsin, had accepted this tra- 
dition but offers no records as proof. In my notes on this 
family published in the William and Mary Quarterly, XX, 
113, 1 offer no objection to this tradition but I now regard it 
as Dractically certain that the Arthur Chenoweth, born 1716 
died 1802, was the son of John Chinoweth, the blacksmith, 
of Frederick Co., Va., 1746. John Chenoweth and Samuel 
Chenov/eth, sons of Arthur who died in Baltimore County 
in 1802, moved to Berkeley County, Va., where John died 
in 1820, leaving a large progeny. 

Draper in the manuscripts above referred to gives data 
on the large family of one Thomas Chenoweth, whom I re- 
' 'v,'1 Tiow as the son of the John of 1746. The exactness of 
the dates indicates that their ultimate source was the family 
Bib'e. The names and dates are as follows : Martha, born 
Dec. 25. 1744; Sarah, born May 12, 1747 Mary, born July 
23, 1749; John, born May 15, 1751; Thomas, born Sept. 10, 
1753 ; Arthur, born Dec. 6, 1755 ; Richard, born April 1, 1758 ; 
Wilham, born May 3, 1760; Elija, born June 12, 1762; Ann, 
born May 6, 1765; Hannah, born Aug. 18, 1767; and Abra- 

15 



ham, born Jan. 25, 1770. 

From the above mentioned children Sarah married T. 
Downing. Thomas Chenoweth (born 1753) married Cassan- 
dra Foster and had John, Benjamin, Thomas, Joseph, Richard 
and Ruth. Arthur (born 1755) married Elizabeth Carter 
and had Absolum, Joseph, George, Hiram, Luke, Thomas, 
Martha, Amelia, Mary, Elizabeth, Rachel, Ruth, Addie, Har- 
riet, and Mildred. Richard (born 1758) married and 

had Arthur, 1786, Thomas, 1787; Hannah, 1788; Richard 
1790 ; Sarah, 1791 ; Ruth, 1793 ; Uriah, 1795 ; Rebecca and 
Nathan, 1779; and Martha 1799. Elijah (1762) married 
Rachel Foster, and had Thomas, John, Joseph, Elijah, Eliz- 
abeth, Richard, and Ruth. Abraham (born 1770) married 
Rebecca Kerr and had Martha, 1791, William, 1792; Jacob, 
1794; Anna, 1796 ; John 1797 ; Susan, 1799 ; Mary, 1801, Noah 
1803 ; Sarah, 1805 ; Hannah, 1806 ; Abraham, 1808 ; Rebecca 
1809; Joel, 1811, and Gideon 1813. 

The following records are from the family Bible of 
James Chenoweth, son of Absolum who died in Berkeley Co., 
Va., in 1773 (see above.) 

James Chenoweth, born Dec. 21, 1767. Rebecca Bruce, 
born June 6, 1770. They were married Sept. 21, 1790. They 
had Rachel B. Chenoweth, born June 21, 1791. Ruth Ann 
Chenoweth, born Dec. 3, 1792. George L. Chenoweth, born 
March 17, 1797. James B. Chenoweth, born June 27, 1800. 
Edwin G. Chenoweth, born May 5, 1803. Alfred W. Chen- 
oweth, born Sept. 13, 1811. We now follow the Chenoweths 
to Kentucky. Richard Chenoweth (later called captain) ap- 
peared in Ky., as early as 1776. He was almost certainly 
the son of John Chenoweth of Frederick Co., Va., who died 
in 1771. Arthur Chenoweth who, like Richard Chenoweth, 
settled in Jefferson County, Ky., was undoubtedly the son 
of John of 1771, which gives an added reason for ascribing 
Richard to the same John. Capt. Richard Chenoweth mar- 
ried Peggy McCarty, probably daughter of Thomas McCarty 
of Hampshire Co., Va. While living in the eastern part of 
Jefferson County, Ky., about 1782 his family was involved 
in the famous Chenoweth massacre at the hands of the 
Shawnee Indians. His son Gideon Chenoweth was killed, his 

16 



wife was scalped but survived and others not of the family 
were killed. 

In 1784 Isaac Cox and Richard Chenoweth were justices 
in Jefferson Co., Ky. In June 1803, in same countyf, the 
death of Richard Chenoweth was entered on the records and 
the suit of John Williamson vs. Richard Chenoweth in re- 
gard to disputed land claims was continued against his heirs, 
namely, Thomas Chenoweth, James Chenoweth, Mildred 
Nash, Jane Miller, Naomi Chenoweth, Tabitha Chenoweth, 
and Ann Chenoweth. Thomas Chenoweth was appointed to 
defend Naomi, Tabitha, and Ann, being minors. Margaret 
Chenoweth, widow of Richard, was still living on the dis- 
puted land in 1806. In Jefferson Co., Ky., on Aug. 24, 1811, 
license was granted to Benjamin Irwin to marry Margaret 
Chenoweth, possibly the widow of Richard. According to 
the same records license was granted April 9, 1792, to Har- 
nan (?) Nash to marry Mildred Chenoweth and on April 22, 
1793, to William Miller to marry Jane Chenoweth. Arthur 
Chenoweth was a grand juror in Jefferson Co., Ky., in 1795. 
In 1821 he was still living there with wife and children Ab- 
solum, John and Sarah. 

One William Chenoweth appeared on Pottenger's Creek 
in Ky., in Aug. or Sept., 1779. On March 5, 1782, in Jef- 
ferson Co., Ky., he was appointed admr. of estate of David 
Henton. Later he married the widow Mary Henton, who 
was the daughter of Jacob Van Meter. This William Chen- 
oweth wf!s the son of the William who died in Frederick 
Co., Va., in 1772. and was not the son of Thomas as I con- 
jectured in the William and Mary Quarterly, XX, 113. He 
was born June 18, 1760, and died Aug. 16, 1828. His wife. 
Mary Van Meter (Henton) Chenoweth, was born Feb. 11, 
1757, ^nd died June 29, 1832. The are buried near Deats- 
ville, Nelson County, Ky. 

Their son Abraham Chenoweth was born Dec. 27, 1785, 
died March 31, 1861, at Perry, Illinois. He married Rachel 
Chenoweth who was the daughter of Arthur and Elspa Chen- 
oweth. This Arthur was probably identical with the Ar- 
thur, son of John of 1771. Rachel Chenoweth was born 
Jan. 31, 1789, and died Dec. 29, 1864. Miles Hart Cheno- 

17 



weth, son of William and Mary (Van Meter) Chenowelh, 
was born July 7, 1791, died 1846 in Andrew Co., Missouri. 
He married Rebecca FairleigTi. A fairly complete account 
of about 1200 descendants of William Chenoweth and wife 
Mary (Van Meter) Chenoweth is ready for publication. 

John Henton, son of above Mary Van Meter by her first 
husband David Henton, married Katherine Keith, daughter 
of Alexander Keith, who lived until about 1773 in Hampshire 
Co., Va., and t'hen until about 1780 in southwestern Pennsyl- 
vania and later in Nelson and Hardin Counties, Ky. 

The La Follette Genealogy represents that the mother 
of this Alexander Keith was a Chenoweth but the present 
writer after examining the evidence is satisfied that this 
is an error. The name Chinoth occurs as a Christian name 
in an early generation of the Keit'h family. There was a 
close parallelism in the history of the two families. They 
both lived in Baltimore County, Md., Hampshire Co., Va., 
and Nelson County, Ky., consecutively. 

There are other coincidences, but in spite of them the 
present writer does not believe there was any relationship 
between the two families, at least until some later genera- 
tion. Another erroneous statement in the claim appearing 
in some published accounts of the family; that one of the 
early Chenowefhs, the original John or one of his descen- 
dants (the accounts do not agree on the particular Cheno- 
weth) married a member of Lord Baltimore's family. The 
claim is supported by no contemporary record. 

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